Since the Middle Ages, the château in Arc-en-Barrois has belonged to royal families and French nobility. During the revolution of 1789 part of the château was destroyed and later confiscated during the first republic. At the restoration of the monarchy in 1830, King Louis-Philippe (1830-1848), member of the Orleans family, resumed ownership of the château and its vast forests. The king later transferred the property to his sister, Princess Louise Marie Adélaïde Eugénie d’Orléans – called ‘Madame Adélaïde’ – who was one of his closest advisers.
Between 1844 and 1848, Princess Adélaïde rebuilt the château into its current form to serve as a hunting lodge. Her nephew, the Prince of Joinville, inherited the château which remained the property of the Orleans family despite the fall of the monarchy in 1848. During World War I, the château served as a temporary hospital and was staffed with English, Canadian and American staff many of which were well-known writers and artists.